House Passes 2023 Government Funding Legislation
The House today passed, 225 to 201, with one Member voting present, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023, an omnibus spending bill consisting of all 12 fiscal year 2023 appropriations bills. This government funding package also includes emergency supplemental funding to respond to the devastation that recent natural disasters and extreme weather events have left behind and emergency resources to support the Ukrainian people and protect global democracy in the face of Russia’s continued invasion of Ukraine.
“I am proud of this bill, which makes critical investments in the programs and services that lower the cost of living for hardworking families, create better-paying jobs, support state and local law enforcement, strengthen our national security, and protect our environment,” said Appropriations Committee Chair and Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Subcommittee Chair Rosa DeLauro. “The over 7,200 community projects we included will help meet pressing needs in communities all over the nation. At the same time, this bill delivers emergency assistance to help communities recover from natural disasters and to protect the people of Ukraine from Russia’s continued attack. I am especially proud of the funding included for programs and services in our Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies bill that will ensure working and middle class families receive the support they need. This bill furthers our commitment to increasing investments that impact the lives of people everywhere—a commitment we will never stop fighting to fulfill.”
“This bill is crucial to our country’s economic success and Americans’ quality of life. Every community across the U.S. is affected by the housing, business, education, infrastructure, nutrition, and research programs contained in the Agriculture-Rural Development-FDA portions of this bill,” said Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Subcommittee Chairman Sanford Bishop Jr. “These federal programs make our country a world leader in agriculture, ensure that we have safe, abundant food and medicine to lead healthy lives, support America’s farmers and ranchers, and provide Americans with the materials that clothe us and build our communities.”
“The Omnibus Appropriations package will drive the economy, make us safer, and move our country forward,” said Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Subcommittee Chairman Matt Cartwright. “This funding directly responds to the nation’s most pressing needs by creating good-paying American jobs; supporting law enforcement; addressing violence against women; funding climate resilience; and advancing NASA’s research efforts.”
“As Chair of the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee, I am proud that this federal spending agreement invests in our most important national security asset – our service members and their families,” said Defense Subcommittee Chairwoman Betty McCollum. “At a time when Americans are struggling with higher prices, this bill includes a 4.6% pay raise and an 11% increase in housing and food allowances to help offset rising prices for military families. I am also proud that this legislation tackles the climate crises head on, by investing more than $2 billion in clean energy programs and climate adaptation to protect facilities, readiness, and global security. The legislation also invests over $39 billion in Defense Health and medical research programs, including more than $582 million for cancer research. This funding will save lives. Finally, the agreement continues to provide critical assistance for the Ukrainian people in their fight to defend their democracy, as well as support for our allies and partners facing Russian aggression. I’m proud of our work and the investments we’ve secured to meet our national security needs and keep America safe, strong, and secure into the future.”
“To succeed in the 21st century, the United States must be positioned to unleash its full potential. These Energy and Water investments will create good-paying jobs, lower costs, and improve communities from the Heartland to the coasts as we intensify America’s energy innovation, fortify water infrastructure, and invigorate the essential work to sustain life on Earth,” said Energy and Water Development, and Related Agencies Subcommittee Chairwoman Marcy Kaptur. “By advancing solar, hydrogen, and biofuel technologies, rebuilding ports and waterways, and conserving precious environmental ecosystems – we are responsibly delivering for the American people and setting the nation on a path toward a better, brighter, and more resilient future.”
“As millions of Americans prepare to celebrate the holidays with their families, I am pleased that my colleagues and I were able to pass a bipartisan government funding package to create jobs, lower the cost of living, and protect our election systems. I am particularly proud of the FSGG bill, which provides our government with resources to protect consumers and support federal employees,” said Financial Services and General Government Subcommittee Chairman Mike Quigley. “This package also provides additional assistance to the people of Ukraine as they enter a dangerous period of the war. On the heels of President Zelenskyy’s address, I am glad that Congress was able to work together to include this critical funding as part of this package.”
“In my first fiscal year as Interior Chair, I’m incredibly proud that we were able to make unprecedented investments to fight the climate crisis, return science as the foundation for decision-making, dedicate the highest level of federal funding to the arts and humanities ever, and continue our commitment to tribal nations. I’m eager to build on these successes with the investments in this year’s bill,” said Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Subcommittee Chair Chellie Pingree. “With final passage of this spending bill, we have affirmed the United States’ commitment to clean energy, environmental justice, health infrastructure on tribal lands, and the arts. Through investments in renewable energy development, reducing pollution, and by preserving our public lands and biodiversity, this omnibus takes a whole-of-government approach to protecting our planet for future generations.”
“This year’s appropriations bill for the Department of Homeland Security makes historic investments in America’s domestic, maritime, and border security while also protecting critical cyber and physical infrastructure and supporting disaster relief,” said Homeland Security Subcommittee Chairwoman Lucille Roybal-Allard. “I am especially proud of the work my colleagues and I have done to provide robust funding to support asylum seekers, refugees, and other immigrants and to finally implement pay parity for our Transportation Security Officers, who ensure critical security for our nation’s transportation systems.”’
“This government funding package takes unprecedented strides to improve the lives of working families with investments that will lower costs for middle-class Americans, create good-paying jobs, support our veterans, and protect our national security,” said Legislative Branch Subcommittee Chairman Tim Ryan. “Additionally, I’m thrilled this bill includes several of the provisions I fought for as Chairman of the Legislative Branch Subcommittee, including an MRA increase to ensure lawmakers can best serve their constituents, funding to expand recruitment and retention of staff, and vital investments to provide Capitol Police with the resources needed to protect our nation’s Capitol. These robust investments will help Congress work better for the American people.”
“This funding bill keeps America’s military strong and our veterans, servicemembers and their families, healthy, safe and secure,” said Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies Subcommittee Chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz. “It reflects our Subcommittee priorities to fortify our security infrastructure, from military housing and family childcare needs to funding for PFAS cleanup and climate resiliency fortifications at our bases. It also ensures veterans receive the healthcare they deserve with significant resources devoted to women’s health, mental health, suicide prevention, opioid abuse programs, homelessness prevention efforts, and toxic exposures. Lastly, it confronts Russian aggression by devoting urgently needed funds into the NATO Security Investment Program.”
“As Chairwoman of the State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Subcommittee, I fought for a bill that takes major strides towards global racial, economic, and health equity—and this year’s agreement does just that, from providing the highest funding levels on record for combatting HIV/AIDS to historic investments in the Caribbean and the African continent,” said State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Subcommittee Chairwoman Barbara Lee. “With this year’s bill, we are strengthening our global partnerships, bolstering public health, fighting the climate crisis, supporting displaced and vulnerable people, promoting democracy and working to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. I salute Chairwoman DeLauro, Chairman Leahy, and all who have worked to help get this through, and look forward to building upon this progress in the new year.”
“As Chairman of the Transportation-Housing Appropriations Subcommittee, I am pleased that the Fiscal Year 2023 omnibus appropriations bill prioritizes investing in and improving our nation’s transportation infrastructure and housing stock,” said Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Subcommittee Chairman David E Price. “The Transportation-Housing funding section of the bill sees a nearly 8% increase above 2022 levels, allowing for historic federal investments that will diversify our nation’s infrastructure, expand critical affordable housing programs, boost resiliency, and remedy inequities across the country.”
The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023 provides $1.7 trillion in discretionary resources across the fiscal year 2023 appropriations bills.
In total, the regular 12 appropriations bills include $800 billion in non-defense funding, a $68 billion—9.3 percent—over last year. This is the highest level for non-defense funding ever and a larger increase in both dollar and percentage than fiscal year 2022. The bills also provide $858 billion in defense funding.
The appropriations bills also include—for the first time—$5 billion in mandatory funding for the Cost of War Toxic Exposures Fund established in the Honoring Our PACT Act of 2022. Combined with discretionary funding provided for Veterans Medical Care, these resources will help fulfill House Democrats’ commitment to veterans without endangering other key investments in social services such as child care, medical research, housing, education, and other non-defense programs.
The appropriations provisions help working families with the cost of living by:
- Creating better-paying jobs by supporting high-quality job training and apprenticeship programs, helping small business owners and entrepreneurs access the capital they need, rebuilding crumbling infrastructure, investing in the economic development of distressed communities, and preserving our advanced manufacturing base.
- Keeping our nation and our communities safe by supporting local, state, and federal law enforcement, fighting gun violence, defending global democracy from Russian and Chinese threats, investing in research and development, protecting our military personnel and installations, enhancing our maritime, border, and cyber security, strengthening our nuclear deterrent, and prioritizing diplomacy and global development efforts.
- Protecting our environment through environmental enforcement efforts, investments in clean and renewable energy and climate science, support for farmers and rural communities, a renewed focus on environmental justice, and leadership in the global fight against climate change.
- Expanding access to homeownership, bringing the promise of rural broadband to more communities, expanding child care and early learning programs to serve more working families, and investing in America’s high-poverty schools and students with disabilities
- For the second year in a row after a decade, funding community projects that respond directly to pressing needs locally and foster the economic development that makes communities healthier, safer, and stronger.
The bill also includes $44.9 billion in much-needed emergency security, economic, and humanitarian aid to support the Ukrainian people and $40.6 billion for other purposes including assisting communities across the country recovering from drought, hurricanes, flooding, wildfire, natural disasters, and other emergencies.
Chair DeLauro’s full statement in support of the bill is here. The text of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023 is available here. A list of bill highlights is here. A full summary of the appropriations provisions in the bill is here. A summary of the disaster supplemental is here and a one-page fact sheet is here. A summary of the Ukraine supplemental is here.
Individual subcommittee summaries, one-page fact sheets, and explanatory statements are below:
- Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- Defense: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- Energy and Water Development, and Related Agencies: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- Financial Services and General Government: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- Homeland Security: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- Legislative Branch: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement
- Transportation, and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies: Summary | Fact Sheet | Explanatory Statement